It is important for a person with Mitral Valve Prolapse to have the condition monitored regularly by a doctor. Care should be taken to avoid or immediately treat blood infections that could attack the heart's valves.
If the leakage at the mitral valve is minor, no treatment is necessary. Sometimes, medications are prescribed to treat the mitral regurgitation if moderate to severe.
Antibiotics prior to dental procedures are prescribed in patients with mitral insufficiency to protect (prophylax) against endocarditis (inflammation of the heart).
In severe cases, the mitral valve may be surgically corrected by removing the area of prolapse and suturing the remaining leaflet tissue to tighten the valve opening (see animation). Also, a ring may be sutured into position along the periphery of the valve to support the valve leaflets and discourage further prolapse.
In cases involving the significant leakage of blood, a valve replacement may be performed. (Please see under Mitral Stenosis for this procedure.) After this procedure, anticoagulants (blood-thinners) may be prescribed to prevent blood clots from forming.