(rollover to compare with normal)
||What Are Its Effects?
Normally, this defect causes no negative symptoms and the child grows and behaves normally, without the need for medicine or surgical intervention.
However, the mixing of oxygen-rich blood from the lungs with oxygen-poor blood from the body in the right atrium reduces the efficiency of the circulatory system and may cause difficulties in later life.
Also, if 50% or more of the pulmonary veins enter the right side of the heart, or if an entire lung is drained by pulmonary veins into the right heart, surgical correction of the defect may be necessary. In such cases, the increased blood flow may tax the right heart muscles and cause enlargement (dilatation) of the right atrium, right ventricle, and the pulmonary artery. Also, the child may tire easily with strenuous exercise.