Pulmonary Hypertension
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How Is It Treated?

The cause of Secondary Pulmonary Hypertension should be corrected if possible. Congenital heart defects may be treated through surgical procedures or with medicines.

In cases of Primary Pulmonary Hypertension, there are medications such as prostacyclin (a steroid that relaxes blood vessels), calcium channel blockers (which also relax the blood vessels), and endothelin antagonists, which counteract the affects of endothelin, a substance in the body that narrows blood vessels and increases blood pressure.

Other medications that may be prescribed include anticoagulants (blood thinners) to ward off blood clots (often associated with Pulmonary Hypertension), digitalis (to help regulate the heartbeat and reduce swelling of the ankles and legs), and diuretics (to reduce fluid retention). In addition, oxygen may be given if an inadequate supply in the blood (hypoxemia) is a cause of the high pulmonary pressure.